Translation of al-Hikam al-‘Atâiyya to Turkish by Mustafa Enver Bey (d. 1909)


Ibn ʿAṭāʾ Allāh al-Iskandarī (d. 709/1309) is a sufi author who played an important role in the formation and spread of the Shadhiliyya as the third sheikh of the order. The most famous work of al-Iskandarī is his book of maxims, known as al-Ḥikam, which contains remarkable warnings and advice about every stage of sufi education. This work has been the subject of nearly a hundred commentaries and has been translated many times into all the major languages in the east and west. The translation of the work into Turkish during the Ottoman period was relatively late, in the 19th century. In this period, one after another, probably without knowing each other, the translators translated the text or one of its commentaries. Our study aims to introduce Mustafa Enver's (d.1909) translation and to publish its transcription based on the author's copy. Mustafa Enver Bey is the father of the famous doctor, painter and cultural historian Süheyl Ünver. It is understood that Mustafa Enver Bey was in the circle of Ahmed Amiş Efendi, one of the most important sufi figures of the last period. It is understood that Mustafa Enver Bey was also in important in Mevlevi circles of his time, as he took music lessons from Mehmed Zekai Dede Efendi and Hüseyin Fahreddin Dede. Mustafa Enver Bey both studied traditional religious sciences and received a modern education. Mustafa Enver Bey left behind some translations he made from Arabic and Persian, including those belonging to important names such as Ghazālī, Ibn ‘Arabî, Molla Jāmī, Ibn Kemal. The works are in Istanbul Süleymaniye Library and Istanbul Atatürk Library today. One of these translations, Hikem-i Atâî Tercümesi, is a complete translation of al-Ḥikam. Translation reflects the language and style understanding of its period. Although the translation is as faithful to the original as possible, it is seen that the translator sometimes adds commentary to the translation. We have only one copy of this translation with the translator's line. In recent years, there has been a noticeable increase in publications on al-Ḥikam in Turkish, and accordingly, al-Ḥikam has become a more well-known work by a wider readership. Our study aims to make a contribution to this developing Turkish al-Ḥikam literature.


Shadhiliyya Ibn ǾAŧāǿ Allāh al-Iskandarī al-Ĥikam Mustafa Enver Süheyl Ünver