Shifa’i al-Mawlawi’s Hadiyyatu’l-fuqara: The Commentary of Asma-i Husna


Genres of classical Turkish literature with religious content have a crucial place in cultural history of Turks. These are one of the most common genres of literature that carry the culture in the society. These genres also have interacted with arts such as calligraphy and music. Thus, these have reached many people and have become a living element in social life. In other words, in order to observe and understand togetherness of the continuity of religion and literature, it is necessary to employ holistic approach in studying of culture. In this respect, many artistic and literary genres have been created in order to commemorate, to invoke and to glorify the name of God in Turkish culture. Tawhid and munadjat are important genres in Turkish literature which handle the subject of Allah. For this reason, these are generally the first poems of diwans. There are also works called asma-i husna (The Most Comely Names) that count and explain Almighty God and His names. One of these works is the commentary of asma-i husna called Hediyyatu’l-fuqara, written in Turkish by Shifa’i al-Mawlawi (d. 1082/1671-72). There has not been any academic study on this commentary so far. In this article, we will briefly explain the genre of asma-i husna in Turkish literature. We will give information about the life and works of Shifa’i al-Mawlawi, and make a general examination of Hadiyyatu’l-fuqara. After this evaluation and information, we will present the transcribed text of the only known copy of Hadiyyatu’l-fuqara.


Commentary Shifa’i al-Mawlawi al-Asma al-husna Hadiyyat al-fuqara Abd al-Razzaq al-Qashani